Decline in E-cigarette Use During Pandemic: Study
A new study has found that the use of electronic cigarettes decreased during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University in Maryland have found that the overall usage rate of these devices decreased by 7% from 2018 to 2020, with a particularly significant decrease of 17% in the 18 to 20 year old age group.
There has been a reversal in the trend of increasing electronic cigarette usage, causing alarm among many officials. President Joe Biden has also ordered restrictions on electronic cigarette devices.
Regulatory bodies have cracked down on the increase in nicotine usage among minors. This study does not include data from underage individuals.
Researchers have discovered that overall usage of electronic cigarettes has decreased compared to 2018, with the 18 to 20 age group driving the decline.
On Friday, researchers published their findings on the website of the Journal of the American Medical Association's JAMA Network Open. The data collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was used for this study.
The survey involved a total of 994,307 respondents, each of whom answered whether or not they use e-cigarettes and the frequency of their e-cigarette use.
In 2017, 4.4% of American adults reported using e-cigarettes. In 2018, this number jumped by 25% to reach 5.5%.
Researchers attribute this increase to flavored electronic cigarettes, citing it as the biggest draw among young people.
In their study, they wrote, "This growth is mainly observed in the younger demographic and is attributed to increased availability of flavored products and high nicotine concentration MOD devices (modular electronic cigarette devices with refillable or replaceable pods, such as JUUL brand devices).
No data was collected for the year 2019. In 2020, the overall usage rate of electronic cigarettes decreased to 5.1%, which is a 7% drop from two years ago.
The most dramatic shift occurred among individuals aged 18 to 20, which was the youngest age group studied.
Devices like JUUL have been largely criticized for being the cause of the recent increase in tobacco use among teenagers. This is because they come in fruity flavors, are easy to carry and use, and are not subject to detection.
According to a research report, nearly one fifth (19%) of individuals within a certain age group reported using e-cigarettes during the past year in 2018.
By 2020, the figure had dropped by 17% to 15.6%, representing a significant decrease within just two years.
However, the usage of these devices sharply increases in the age range of 21 to 24 years old.
Although it has decreased, this is still the age group reportedly using the controversial device most commonly.
However, researchers still believe that this indicates some limitations on accessing devices are having an impact.
They wrote that there has been a slight decrease in the use of e-cigarettes, particularly among adults under the age of 21, which may be an early result of several federal and state policies recently put into effect.
The team emphasized that in December 2019, the legal age to purchase tobacco products was changed from 18 to 21.
Public awareness campaigns about the risks of electronic cigarettes and nicotine addiction can also be effective.
In recent months, the debate surrounding electronic cigarettes has continued since the FDA banned flavored e-cigarettes in February 2020.
The products of Juul Labs, which became synonymous with underage smoking trends in the 2010s, were recently denied by the FDA.
Juul has appealed the decision and has been suspended during this time, allowing them to continue selling in the United States.
The US Food and Drug Administration stated last year that the ban would help save lives, especially those disproportionately affected by these deadly products.
Through these measures, the FDA will help significantly reduce youth initiation and increase opportunities for smoking cessation.
To bypass regulations, many companies have started using synthetic nicotine in their devices to circumvent regulatory bodies. However, this loophole was closed in April.
In March, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study revealing that over 2.5 million American students used some form of tobacco product in 2021, including nicotine delivery devices that do not involve burning tobacco.
Government officials reported that 80% of tobacco use is attributed to disposable e-cigarettes and pod-based products, such as Juul.
According to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 2.5 million students in the United States were using tobacco products in 2021. This includes 13% of high school students and 4% of middle school students.
Single-use e-cigarettes and refillable devices make up over 80% of tobacco product usage among American youth.
In this study, approximately 2.06 million high school students (13% of the study population) and 4% of middle school students (with 470,000 participants) reported "current" smoking.
In contrast, a 2020 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that 8% of high school students and 3% of middle school students currently use tobacco.
Students were also asked if they had ever used tobacco products in their lifetime. 34% of high school students and 11% of middle school students reported having used at least once.
According to research from the Center for Disease Control, electronic cigarette devices have been the primary cause of the increase in nicotine and tobacco use over the past year.
Among students who currently report smoking, 54% use disposable e-cigarettes and 29% report using a refillable device like Juul.
Among them, devices that allow teenagers to easily use nicotine account for over 80% of the total tobacco usage among students.
Nicotine doesn't carry many of the negative effects and cancer risks associated with tobacco, but it does increase the risk of high blood pressure, arterial atrophy, and elevated heart rate.
Children of school age using electronic cigarettes can be attributed to their variety of flavors, and these devices are comparable in appearance to USB drives, allowing children to easily carry them at school without being caught.
Some states and cities have banned flavored nicotine products, although the results are mixed in terms of whether or not they successfully prevented teenagers from developing this habit.
Opponents of these bans argue that they will instead force teenagers to use more harmful tobacco products such as cigarettes, rather than the less risky nicotine alternatives.
Mark Oates, director of consumer rights organization We Vape, told DailyMail.com in March that by attacking safer nicotine products such as e-cigarettes, we will unwittingly encourage high schoolers to smoke. This would be a terrifying outcome.
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